EURADA has started its activities supporting a H2020 project for decarbonisation. As member of the advisory board of the project eCOCO2, EURADA is going to cooperate in the analysis of the perception of the technology by the society. Moreover, EURADA is going to mobilise its network of regional members to study the acceptance of the innovations to design appropriate technologies that will gather the support of local actor for the control of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG).
In 2017, GHG emissions generated by industries and households in the EU-28 stood at 4.4 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalents. Following EUROSTAT, this is 14% lower than 2008. However, despite the positive tendency, the investments in technologies for decarbonisation are increasing. The H2020 programme for research and innovation has specific actions to support these technologies. In particular, it is interesting to minimise the emission in the industries that have bigger impact as oil & gas, cement and steel production. The eCOCO2 project has in the partnership big corporation such as CEMEX, Shell and AcelorMittal. They combine the industrial requirements with the scientific results provided by a group of researchers from China, Japan, Spain and Norway coordinated by the Technology Institute of Chemistry (ITQ) from CSIC-UPV.
The eCOCO2 project is going to develop equipment and a new industrial process for direct electrocatalytic conversion of CO2 into chemical energy carriers in a co-ionic membrane reactor Production of synthetic fuels using an electrochemical reactor that captures CO2. The source of CO2 will come from the industry (steel, oil and gas, cement producers, etc), with the use of renewable energies and fix that making fuel for aviation and other molecules that could be used industrially. The project is going to develop an electrocatalytic system that will be closer with the formulation of the jet fuel. The project will use active ceramic membranes for an intensified CO2 catalytic conversion.
The main research topics are related to the development of effective use and recovery of water, as well as energy. This involves developing a co-ionic electrolyte, electrodes, hydro catalyst, electrochemical cells, the tubular reactors, the multi-tube reactors and the integration of the process. The process is based on a modified Fischer-Tropsch synthesis process (m-FTS) and a C-C coupling via oligomerisation and isomerisation with zeolites. The result of the project would be gasoline (probably with high aromatic components), and hydrocarbons with higher complexity as diesel or jet fuel. The catalytic process would need process of above 400 °C and 30 bars.
The coordinator of the project, ITQ has a strong experience in zeolites; with over 10% of the zeolites synthesised in the world. For this project it will be used multipored zeolites and probably it will be modified existing zeolites to produce larger hydrocarbons. The prototype will be a tubinder (tube in a cylinder) able to capture CO2 from a steam flow to produce fuel jet. The final result will be de development and pilot testing of a scalable prototype with its manufacturing protocol to assemble integrated catalytic electrochemical reactor cells.